Packaging: Plastic containers KT-10 361 х 164 х 125 mm
Physical and chemical characteristics:
- Latin name Palladium (Pd)
- chemical element of Group VIII in Mendeleev's Periodic Table
- Atomic number 46
- Atomic Weight 106.42
- Density 12.02 g/cmі
- Melting point 1,554°C
Palladium is a precious metal of a white color, one of the platinum group metals (PGM’s). Palladium is truly precious as one of the rarest metals on earth; it is relatively scarce even among the precious metals: the annual palladium production is 10 times less than annual production of gold. The metal is mined in a limited number of regions from ores containing other platinum group metals such as platinum, iridium, rhodium and ruthenium. Over 90% of its deposits are located in Russia, Republic of South Africa, Zimbabwe, USA and Canada.
Palladium is remarkable for its ability to absorb big volumes of hydrogen and its high catalytic activity. The metal is highly conductive, malleable, ductile and corrosion resistant. It does not tarnish in air and as a biocompatible metal doesn’t oxidize in the human body.
More than half of the world's palladium is used for manufacturing exhaust catalytic converters, with most of it found in cars with gasoline engines. In chemical industry palladium containing catalysts are used in production of a wide range of chemical products, such as nitric acid, fertilizers, margarine, Teflon and nylon. Petrochemical industry uses palladium as a catalyst in producing gasoline, diesel, jet fuel and lubricating oils. Apart from the fact that palladium is an excellent catalyst, it combines the properties of high electrical conductivity and corrosion resistance. Production of contacts and connectors is another popular application of the metal. Ceramic capacitors and organic light emitting diodes containing palladium are widely used in industrial and consumer electronics, including such popular products as laptops, tablet devices, cell phones and smartphones. In jewelry industry palladium is used as a whitening ingredient in white gold alloys and in pure state in manufacturing jewelry and watches of high grade palladium. Palladium is part of dentures, bridges and materials for tooth fillings. Palladium is inextricably linked to the development of hydrogen energy industry: the metal is characterized by the ability to absorb hydrogen in large quantities and is one of the key materials used in hydrogen production and storage technologies.